Research

Membrane-bound neutrophil elastase as a potential biomarker for early detection of chronic inflammatory diseases

Prinicipal Investigator

Prof. Dr. Marcus A. Mall
Dr. Markus Bardua

Scientific interest within the context of the graduate college:

Biomarkers play a central role in detecting chronic inflammatory diseases before irreversible tissue damage occurs. These measurable, ideally disease-specific, indicators can be detected in the organism even before the onset of symptoms. For example, neutrophil elastase (NE), a serine protease secreted by activated neutrophils and essential for the innate immune response to pathogen infections, already serves as a biomarker for certain chronic inflammatory diseases of the respiratory and digestive tracts. In these cases, the activity of secreted, i.e. “free” NE, which is released during chronic inflammatory processes and damages tissues due to proteolytic activity, has been determined so far. In previous work, we have shown that NE also occurs membrane-bound on the surface of activated neutrophils in the airways of chronic inflammatory lung diseases such as cystic fibrosis. There, membrane-bound NE is already catalytically active long before the activity of free NE can be detected and it is involved in airway damage1,2. The results of these studies suggest that determining the activity of membrane-bound NE could also enable earlier diagnosis of other chronic inflammatory diseases and facilitate personalized therapy.

Project description:

The aim of this translational research project is to investigate the role of membrane-bound NE activity on neutrophils circulating in the blood of healthy subjects and patients with chronic inflammatory (autoimmune) diseases in childhood and thus establish a method for early disease detection. For this purpose, a reporter molecule based on Förster resonance energy transfer (FRET) technology we developed is used3. This allows the detection of NE activity on the surface of living, freshly isolated cells ex vivo using flow cytometry. In addition to state of the artcytometry and cell biology technologies, this experimental MD thesis also applies basic molecular biology laboratory work and microscopy and correlates experimental data with clinical patient data on disease progression.

Application details

References

  1. Gehrig S, Duerr J, Weitnauer M, […], Dalpke AH, Schultz C, Mall MA. Lack of neutrophil elastase reduces inflammation, mucus hypersecretion, and emphysema, but not mucus obstruction, in mice with cystic fibrosis-like lung disease. Am J Respir Crit Care Med. 2014; 189:1082-1092. doi: 10.1164/rccm.201311-1932OC.
  2. Dittrich AS, Kühbander I, Gehrig S, […], Herth F, Schultz C, Mall MA. Elastase activity on sputum neutrophils correlates with severity of lung disease in cystic fibrosis.Eur Respir J. 2018; 51:1701910. doi: 10.1183/13993003.01910-2017.
  3. Hagner M, Frey DL, Guerra M, […], Herth FJF, Schultz C, Mall MA. New method for rapid and dynamic quantification of elastase activity on sputum neutrophils from patients with cystic fibrosis using flow cytometry. Eur Respir J. 2020; 55:1902355. doi: 10.1183/13993003.02355-2019.